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Effectsof broken homes on academic performance of children in primary schools

July 12, by scharticles. Home as perceived by AbdulganiyuChriste defined home as a place in which an individual or a family can rest and store personal property.

effects of Broken Homes on Students’ Academic Performance

When a child is born, the family is the first primary group with which they come into contact. Transmission of social values or right and wrong, what is morally and religiously accepted or condemned by the family, it follows therefore that by the time a child attained five to seven years of age he must have learnt what are his rights, obligations and roles within the society. To order for a complete Project Material, Pay the sum of N3, to: In additions, they may be of the same age group, developed at different rates and so may be able to cope with the intellectual and social task of the school in varying extent.

Furthermore, a home can either be stable or broken. A stable home is one in which both parent mother and father lives together with their children, while a broken home is the one in which one or both of the parents are not living together with the children. Therefore, the target of this work is to examine the relationship or the bond that exist between the broken homes which is the central focus of this research and academic performance of senior secondary school students. This work distinctively and clearly reveals the effects of broken homes on the academic performance of students.

Hence, the areas which will act as ingredients to this exploration in order to arrive at the objective of this section includes: Background of the study, statement of problem, purpose of the study, research questions, scope and limitation of the study significant of the study as well as definition of operational terms. The parents lay the foundation for the desired social, moral, emotional, spiritual and intellectual well being of the child.

Abdulganiyuadded that research have shown that children differs in various ways as a result of variables of their home background such as socio-economic status, parental attitude to school and child rearing practices. Similarly, Giwahave investigated the factors within the students home background or family that affect their performances in schools, variable, such as socio-economic status, family size, birth order, parental attitude, child rearing practices, parental absence or presence have been found to affect social and intellectual learning experiences of children in schools.

This is because children are born with some psychological, emotional and intellectual needs such as need for love and security, the need for new experiences, praise and recognition and the need for responsibility. Many of these needs are not offered to the children of broken homes which will influence their academic performances. Furthermore, there exist countless of theoretical postulations that shows clearly that early childhood is more critical to handle than later or adulthood.

Webb asserted that, anything that affects the child at this stage of life would likely affect the overall development of effectsof broken homes on academic performance of children in primary schools child.

He also said that, in early childhood almost every child has acquired a sort of skill in which he develops and improves upon which can carry him on later in life. Gones asserted that, the home is a place where physical, mental and social skills of the child first generate and effectively develop.

Hence, the home background greatly influence and impact on the child at the early stage in life. It will then have a great effect on the academic performance, if the home background has a leaking valve of disintegration Broken. These facts can be social, academic and mental.

Effects of Broken Homes on Students’ Academic Performance

In view of the above, one can pertinently assert that the home will have an influence on the academic performance of students either positively or negatively. This is in agreement with the concept of attachment in child development.

The concept of attachment is a determinate factor in the personality of the child, which gives a child the substantial capacity to perform well in academic work.

This has drawn the attention of all the stakeholders in education, ranging from the parents, the Academia and indeed the government to find out the causes so as to find possible remedy before things get out of control. The researcher is here suggesting that, one of the giant factors contributing to the poor performance of students in their academic work is broken homes. As a result of broken homes most of the needed conditions that could facilitate learning are almost absent in these homes e.

Adequate parental care, food to eat as and when due, loss of companionship and confidence right from the home and just to mention but few. Consequently, these students develop low-self-concept, which seriously affects their performance in school.

In our society, children are sometimes exposed at an early age to all sort of dangers arising from malnutrition, diseases and various temptation of effectsof broken homes on academic performance of children in primary schools due to absence of one or both of their parents. However, absence of one or both parents deprive, young children of the stable love, care security and total support they have been accustomed to and tend to make children different in the eyes of the peer groups.

If the children are asked where the missing parent is or why they have a new parent to replace the missing parent, they become embarrassed and ashamed they may also feel guilty and unwanted by the society such stressful situation leads to psychological, emotional and intellectual imbalance in growing children.

This subsequently results to quitting from school or poor academic achievement. Hence, it becomes necessary to investigate the effects of broken homes on the academic performances of students in secondary school with a view to finding solution to the problems for psychological well being of growing children in our society. Purpose of the Study The main objectives of this research work include the following To investigate the influence of broken homes on the academic performance of students in Senior Secondary School in Gwagwalada Area Council of FCT Abuja.

Research Questions The following research questions are formulated to guide this study. The reason for the choice of this effectsof broken homes on academic performance of children in primary schools is informed by the fact that it occupies the centre of the Federal Capital Territory being surrounded by other area councils such as Kwali, Kuje among others. Gwagwalada Area Council is believed to have drawn different people from every state and Local Government Area in Nigeria of different socio-economic background.

Although, there are over fifteen 15 Secondary Schools both public and private within the area, the researcher has decided to sample out five secondary schools due to time factor and financial involvement. This study there intends to cover the following schools: Christ Academy International, Gwagwalada.

Government Day Secondary School, Gwagwalada. Government Secondary School, Dobi, Gwagwalada. The researcher then hopes to bridge and slim this unfortunate situation in order to create an atmosphere of academic excellence for the children of these unfavorable home backgrounds in order to enhance their learning generally and good performance in English language in particular.

And no one would argue with the fact that young children need to face the world if they themselves are united and energetic.

Effects of Broken Homes on Students’ Academic Performance

Primary school children are not only vulnerable; they are also budding with curiosity, bursting with energy and interest. All these need to be harnessed and helped to develop. Similarly, the school welfare personnel without doubt will find this research work useful, this will give them a guide to advice and let parents know the dangers that await their children, if love, harmony and good home environment is not planned for them. Also, the government at the various levels can equally find this dissertation valid as it assists them in adopting programmes that will bring unfavorable home background to the students i.

This then is the target of the researcher in bringing out the defects created by broken home and its effects on the academic performance of students, thereby making this work a very significant one for its programme on child education. Is simply a family in which the parents have separated or divorced. It can also be defined as a home in which parents stay together with little or no love and care for the children or stay apart and are unable to work together harmoniously, fuelled by divorce; long separation and the likes.

Academic performance is commonly measured by examinations or continuous assessment but there is no general agreement on how aspects are most important-procedural knowledge such as facts.

Simply physical parting of the spouses. They no longer share the same dwelling. A lot of findings were made after data were collected and analyzed. One hundred questionnaires were administered to the students of the four schools visited by the researches, though eighty-five 85 students responded, eighty-five questionnaires were completed and returned. Also, students appear effectsof broken homes on academic performance of children in primary schools and inferior when ask to speak in public or in an audience dominated by parents while theirs is not there.

It was also discovered that factors such as age, same sex children, and childlessness type of profession among others causes broken home. The study to large extend is significant to parents, children, school administrators government and to the society at large. Terms defined includes Broken Homes, Academic performance and separation. In chapter two the study examines extensively scholars work on the given problem research.

Related literature and theoretical framework were adequately explored for better understanding of the study. Chapter three examine how, where and who data will be collected. As one hundred questionnaires were used to get information from the four 4 sampled school in the area. Also, the survey method was used in the study.

  1. Researchers like Yusuf , have carried out a study on this topic.
  2. As a matter of fact, many institutions like UNICEF, Ford Foundation and others have shown genuine interest and concern for western children in similar conditions like those in Africa.
  3. It is arguable or believed that children from broken homes are more likely prone to poor academic performance. If children are asked where the missing parent is or why they have a new parent to replace the missing parents, they become embarrassed and ashamed.

The instruments use to gather data is valid and hence reliable. The researcher also uses the frequency table to tabulate data for easy understanding, as well as the simple percentage. The chapter four of this study examined data presentation, analysis and interpretation. This chapter clearly presents data gotten from the respondents as well as extensively and vividly analyze and interpret them accordingly.

Also, teachers should organize seminars for parents and guardians on the effects of broken homes on the academic performance of students and also make such emphasis during the Parent Teacher Association PTA meetings. Children can only be supported in their need to face the world only, if parents are united. Guidance and counselors should have home background inventory in collaboration with the class teachers of every student in the school in order to identify the home background of students.

Also, make marriage counseling available for parents or guardians of students in order to create a conducive home environment for children. Parents and guardians should be advised towards responsible parenthood via love, care, attention, good food, good home and qualitative education. Lack of adequate literature.

  1. To investigate how broken home affect the education of children from such homes. Also, the government at the various levels can equally find this dissertation valid as it assists them in adopting programmes that will bring unfavorable home background to the students i.
  2. Such mothers may be divorced separated, widowed or they may never have been married. It is also techniques involving larger number of persons and described population characterized by the selected of unbiased sample.
  3. The chapter four of this study examined data presentation, analysis and interpretation.
  4. In chapter two the study examines extensively scholars work on the given problem research.