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Preparing to write the first draft of your dissertation

How to Write Your Best Dissertation: Step-by-Step Guide When you get to the point of writing a dissertation, you're clearly near the end of an important stage of your educational journey. The point of this paper is to showcase your skills and capacity to conduct research in your chosen discipline, and present the results through an original piece of content that will provide value for the academic and scientific community.

Before we get any further, let's clarify one main thing: This term is usually used to present the final result of independent work and research for an undergraduate program. A thesis, on the other hand, is crafted for the completion of a Master's degree. Dissertation - the final project that PhD candidates present before gaining their doctoral degree.

However, the term dissertation is also used for the final project that PhD candidates present before gaining their doctoral degree. It doesn't matter whether we are talking about an undergraduate or PhD dissertation; the form of the assignment is very similar, although the PhD project is much more serious.

This guide will be useful both for undergraduate and PhD students, who are working on their dissertation projects, as well as for students developing theses for MA programs.

How to Write Your Best Dissertation: Step-by-Step Guide

It's not easy to write the best dissertation. Most candidates usually start with great enthusiasm, but this intimidating project can throw them to despair. The process of planning, research, and writing will be the longest and most complex challenge you've ever committed to. The end result will be very rewarding, but you might go through several obstacles to get to that point.

These are some of the most common problems students have when writing their dissertations: They think there is plenty of time to work on the project, and they keep delaying the starting point. This is a big problem, since these students usually find themselves in frantic stress when the deadline approaches. Students who don't have enough experience with academic writing think they just need to collect few relevant resources and extract relevant quotes from them. That's far from the truth.

You need to analyze those materials thoroughly and discuss them in the paper. Lack of writing skills.

  • You should take advantage of the period between the first semester and the start of the second semester to write a draft of a chapter, and you should plan to have produced first drafts of all the main chapters by at least four weeks before the submission date also allowing for any vacation periods when staff may not be available;
  • Deadlines for producing drafts You will decide with your supervisor precisely when to produce drafts, but if you are taking a dissertation module over one academic year then by the end of the first semester you would normally expect to produce a proposal or abstract and a first draft of one or two chapters;
  • Dissertation - the final project that PhD candidates present before gaining their doctoral degree.

The dissertation paper should follow the strict rules of academic writing. You should write in proper form, style, and language; and you should make sure to implement the correct citation guidelines.

Although the challenge seems overwhelming, the important thing is to start from the beginning and complete each stage step by step.

We have a guide that will show you the right direction. Write a winning dissertation proposal We already explained what a dissertation paper is, but what is a dissertation proposal? As the term itself suggests, this is a proposal for the final dissertation project, which should persuade the committee members that you're going to commit to a valuable, interesting, and complex questions. This is a shorter paper than the final dissertation, but it's equally as important because this is the point when you'll think of a significant question and you'll set up a plan for assembling information and writing the paper.

Even if the proposal is not mandatory in your university, you should still write it and discuss the points with your mentor. These are the main points to pay attention to when wondering how to write a dissertation proposal: Choose the theme, question, and title - What problem is your dissertation going to tackle?

Do you want to find out more about choosing your dissertation topic?

  • You may, for example, produce a draft introduction setting out the issue, together with a literature review which covers what, if any, treatment of the topic has gone beforehand;
  • These notes can then be incorporated into the finished version of your literature review;
  • Most candidates usually start with great enthusiasm, but this intimidating project can throw them to despair.

Check out our article. Make sure to brainstorm and choose a theme that will be valuable, unique, and reasonable. You don't want to end up with a too complex question that would trick you in a dead end.

The question you choose should lead you to a testable hypothesis that you can prove with strong arguments.

Guide to undergraduate dissertations in the social sciences

Discuss few alternatives of the dissertation title with your mentor before you start writing the proposal. Structure of the dissertation proposal If you want to make the proposal convincing, its format has to be clean and easy to follow. Here are the points you should include in the proposal: Dissertation title Objectives - Aim for up to three objectives. If you're too extensive at this point, it will seem like your plan doesn't have a focus, so you'll need to narrow it down.

Literature - Ask your mentor if you're expected to list some specific references in this section.

  • Bibliography Use the recommended citation style for your field of study, and make sure to include all sources you used during the research and writing stages;
  • Conclusions In the final chapter of the dissertation, you will summarize the study and you'll briefly report the results.

If that's not the case, you'll at least need to mention the areas of study, schools of thought, and other sources of information you're going to use during the research stage. Research - This is the main section, where you'll elaborate the ideas of your research question. You will preparing to write the first draft of your dissertation outline the area of research. Methodology - The dissertation project can be non-empirical if the resources come from previously published projects or empirical if you collect data through questionnaires or other methods.

In this section, you need to explain the methods of collecting data. Potential outcomes - Where do you think you'll end up after all the research and analyzing? Explain the outcome you expect to come down to. Timeframe - Create a schedule that explains how you will manage all stages of dissertation writing within a specific timeframe. List of references - Ask your mentor if you're supposed to include this part, and he'll provide you with the instructions.

Conduct an effective research The dissertation research stage is going to determine the overall development of your project. It has to be methodical and effective, since you don't want to waste your time reading and analyzing irrelevant resources. Here are a few tips that will help you go through it: Make a timeline for the research stage It's important to find enough resources to fully understand the phenomenon you're focused on, but you'll need to stop researching at one point or another.

Many students fall into a trap: How much time do you plan to spend in the research stage? Make a timeline and stay committed to it. The point of the research stage is to show you have read around the topic and you understand the previous research that has been conducted, but you've also understood its limitations. Find the right places to look for sources The Internet is a good starting place during the research stage. However, you have to realize that not everything you read on the Internet is absolutely true.

Double-check the information you find and make sure it comes from a trustworthy resource. Use Google Scholar to locate reliable academic sources. Wikipedia is not a reliable source, but it can take you to some great publication if you check out the list of references on the pages of your interest. Librarians are really helpful at this point of the project development. Don't avoid the actual library and ask the librarian to provide you with some interesting publications.

Organize your resources You have to take notes; otherwise you'll end up seriously confused and you won't know where you located a certain important argument that you plan to use.

  1. You need to trust this person, since the dissertation is your unique intellectual property.
  2. This is a smart investment that will save you from embarrassment after all that effort and stress you went through. It will include a large number of references to the literature in your chosen area.
  3. Organisation and presentation Once you have generated a large number of notes around your reading you might start to feel overwhelmed by the literature.
  4. Central texts Once you have discussed the range of literature that is only of general interest to your study, you can then go into more detail on the literature that more sharply focuses on the questions that are of interest to you. Explain why you suggest this research and what form it should take.
  5. Deadlines for producing drafts You will decide with your supervisor precisely when to produce drafts, but if you are taking a dissertation module over one academic year then by the end of the first semester you would normally expect to produce a proposal or abstract and a first draft of one or two chapters. You should examine articles in scholarly journals for examples of appropriate titles for a study of this length.

Use EvernotePenzuor another online tool to write down notes about your impressions, as well as the sources you plan to reference. Write a mind-blowing dissertation Now, you're left with the most important stage of the dissertation writing process: It's surprising to see that many students have some level of confidence during the previous two stages of the process, but they crack when they realize they don't really know how to write a dissertation.

Everything is easier when you have a plan. Make an outline You already have the dissertation proposal, which is a preliminary outline for the actual dissertation. However, you still need a more detailed outline for the large project. Did the research stage lead you in an unexpected direction? Make sure to include the new points in your outline. This is a basic outline that will make it easier for you to write the dissertation: Introduction The first chapter should include a background of the problem, and a statement of the issue.

Then, you'll clarify the purpose of the study, as well as the research question. Next, you'll need to provide clear definitions of the terms related to the project.

You will also expose your assumptions and expectations of the final results. Literature Review In this chapter of the dissertation, you will review the research process and the most important acknowledgements you've come down to. Methodology This part preparing to write the first draft of your dissertation the dissertation is focused on the way you located the resources and the methods of implementation of the results. If you're writing a qualitative dissertation, you will expose the research questions, setting, participants, data collection, and data analysis processes.

If, on the other hand, you're writing a quantitative dissertation, you will focus this chapter on the research questions and hypotheses, information about the population and sample, instrumentation, collection of data, and analysis of data. Findings This is the most important stage in the whole process of dissertation writing, since it showcases your intellectual capacity.

At this point, you'll restate the research questions and you will discuss the results you found, explaining the direction they led you to. In other words, you'll answer those questions. Conclusions In the final chapter of the dissertation, you will summarize the study and you'll briefly report the results.

Don't forget that you have to explain how your findings make a difference in the academic community and how they are implied in practice. Explain why you suggest this research and what form it should take. Bibliography Use the recommended citation style for your field of study, and make sure to include all sources you used during the research and writing stages.

Manage your time You'll need another timeline, but this one will be focused on the writing process. Plan how to complete your dissertation chapter by chapter.

When you have attainable goals, it will be easier for you to write the project without getting overwhelmed by its length and complexity. Write the first draft There is no life-changing advice to give at this point.

Step 1: Write a winning dissertation proposal

You just need to stay away from distractions, stick to your timeline, follow the outline, and complete the first draft. You already have what it takes; now you're ready to do the real work. Findings stage is the most important in the whole process of dissertation writing, since it showcases your intellectual capacity. Edit and Proofread the Dissertation like a Pro Now that you've completed the first draft of the paper, you can relax.