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An introduction to the issue of ethnic cleansing in the 20th century

Sexual Battery Ethnic Cleansing The term ethnic cleansing refers to the removal of people who belong to a specific ethnic or religious group from a country, whether by forcefully displacing them, or by killing them.

Ethnic Cleansing

The goal of such actions is to establish an ethnically uniform country, or other geographic region. In addition to removing people, ethnic cleansing often involves removing any physical, cultural evidence of their existence in the region.

To explore this concept, consider the following ethnic cleansing definition. Definition of Ethnic Cleansing Noun The removal of an unwanted ethnic group from a society, whether by forced emigration, or by genocide. The expulsion, imprisonmentor killing of an ethnic minority by a dominant majority, in order to achieve ethnic sameness.

This is accomplished by engaging in cleansing campaigns, in which all of the people in a geographic region that do not meet a specific standard are forced out or killed.

Rather, it refers to the act of forcing people from their homelands, through the use of fear, intimidation, violence, and murder.

In 1993, the United Nations U. Security Council, that the former Yugoslavia had undergone ethnic cleansing through the use of arbitrary arrests, torture, rape, murder, executions outside the judicial system, confinement of civilians, military attacks on civilians, and malicious destruction of public and private property. When the Commission issued its final report in 1994, the crimes of mistreatment of prisoners of war and civilian prisoners, use of civilians as human shields, mass murder, destruction of cultural property, theft of personal property, and violent attacks on hospitals, locations with Red Cross emblems, and medical personnel were added.

The Rise of Ethnic Cleansing in the 20th Century Nationalism is a collective feeling of significance and confederation of the people in a geographical or demographic region, who are seeking independence. The binding attributes may be cultural, ethnic, or simply ideology among peoples in a certain area.

While nationalism is a positive thing, the force that binds peoples together around the globe, the 20th century saw a rise in extreme nationalist movements, which was exhibited in an extraordinary level of brutality motivated by ethnic cleansing. Examples of ethnic cleansing movements in the 20th century include: Turkish Massacre of Armenians during WWI Nazi Holocaust during WWI Genocide in Bosnia during the 1990s Forced displacement and mass killings in Rwanda during the 1990s Erasing a People through Ethnic Cleansing The act of ethnic cleansing involves more than simply chasing a group of people out of a geographic area, and killing those who refuse to leave.

An introduction to the issue of ethnic cleansing in the 20th century from the brutal treatment, intimidation, torture, and murders, it is common for the force engaging in the cleansing to attempt to remove all traces of those people and their beliefs. Erasing a people through ethnic cleansing means physically removing all physical and cultural evidence that the group ever lived there. Civilian casualties in a conflict in which ethnic cleansing is being used are not simply a consequence of war, but rather the deliberate targeting of civilians who are members of the targeted ethnicity, religion, or other group.

Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth Century

Ethnic Cleansing or Genocide The concept of ethnic cleansing smacks of genocide to many people, though there is a difference, which lies in the intent of the perpetrator. The primary goal of genocide is the total annihilation of the targeted racial, ethnic, or religious group. Ethnic cleansing is more concerned with removing the target group from a geographical area.

While the methods used to eradicate the target group from an area often mimics genocide, the scope and intent is the difference. Ethnic cleansing, even if genocide is not intended, may lead to the total destruction of the targeted group.

  • The binding attributes may be cultural, ethnic, or simply ideology among peoples in a certain area;
  • I highly recommend Balkan Genocides to anyone interested in topics of ethnic cleansing, genocide, ethno-religious nationalism, ethno-religious warfare, and cultural vandalism.

While genocide carries legal ramifications within the United Nations, the same is not true of ethnic cleansing. Unfortunately, in recent times, the term has been used in the media so loosely, that nations committing atrocities that rise to the level of genocide hide behind the protection of the cleansing ideation to avoid consequences.

Balkan Genocides

Interestingly enough, while ethnic cleansing is undertaken to divide and separate people based on ethnicity or religious beliefs, these issues also have the potential of healing a nation — bringing people together over common issues. There were no Croat or Muslim death camps in Bosnia, but the people there were transported like cattle in sealed box cars, through the blistering heat, with little food or water.

At some point along the way, many of the Muslim men were separated out and taken to Serb prison camps, while the women were raped, and a great many of these humble people were murdered.

It is true that refugees are a product of any civil war, as the homes of people on both sides of the conflict are destroyed, and people flee in fear. Ordinary civil war, if any war can be called ordinary, does not provide an example of ethnic cleansing, however.

Rather, the creation of refugees is the entire purpose of a civil war bent on ethnic cleansing.

  • Most recently, it has been applied to the events that occurred beginning in 2003 in the Darfur region of Sudan, where brutal clashes between rebel groups and Sudanese military forces left hundreds of thousands dead and more than 2 million displaced many of whom, like the rebels, are members of the Fur, Zaghawa and Masaalit ethnic groups;
  • The term ethnic cleansing has also been used to refer to the treatment of Chechens who fled Grozny and other areas of Chechnya after Russia began military operations against separatists there during the 1990s, as well as the killing or forcible removal from their homes of refugees from East Timor by Indonesian militants after a vote for independence in 1999;
  • It is, unquestionably, the premiere work in the field, without a doubt the best;
  • All these were not caused by some ancient hatreds, ethnic and religious differences, irreconcilable national characters, or irrational mentality, but by a deliberate, well planned, and ruthlessly executed power politics;
  • His analysis and the interpretation of the different wars in the Balkans during the last century, and horrors they produces are very engaging.

In the conflict over Bosnia, the goal of the Serbs was to drive out all of the people who were not Serbian. Discussions led by the United States ended the conflict in Bosnia in 1995, and a NATO peacekeeping force was positioned to enforce the ceasefire.

In the following decades, nearly 200 people were charged with war crimes, most of whom were Serbians and Bosnian Serbs.

  • Ethnic Cleansing or Genocide The concept of ethnic cleansing smacks of genocide to many people, though there is a difference, which lies in the intent of the perpetrator;
  • Ethnic cleansing is more concerned with removing the target group from a geographical area;
  • The binding attributes may be cultural, ethnic, or simply ideology among peoples in a certain area;
  • It is an extremely useful text, providing an overview of such events during that period, and offers readers more of a contextual conception of conflicts in the region;
  • Ideology — A system of concepts about human life and culture, beliefs, or theories shared by a people.

In May 2011, the Chief of Staff of the Bosnian Serb Army was arrested, and charged with 11 criminal counts, including crimes against humanityand genocide.

Hitler dreamed of a white, blond-haired, blue-eyed Master Race, believing that all other peoples were inferior. He engaged in a program of eugenics, which involved forced sterilization of those with impure genes, so that they could not breed; and segregation and extermination of millions of people.

Just who was set for extermination was determined by a racial hierarchy, in which Poles, Serbs, Romani, and persons of color were considered to be non-Aryan subhumans.

People not considered to be of the Aryan race were segregated, then forced out of their homes, and across the borders.

Ethnic cleansing

Deportation — The lawful expulsion of a foreigner from a country. Ethnic — Pertaining to, or characteristic of, a people, especially a group that shares a common and distinctive culture, language, religion, or the like.

Ideology — A system of concepts about human life and culture, beliefs, or theories shared by a people. Refugee — A person who has fled his home country to another, for refuge or safety, usually in time of war or political upheaval.

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