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The benefits of private security for neighborhood protection

McGuigan For centuries the criminal justice system has worked in a very simple manner: This method holds true today, except now people are voluntarily surrounding themselves with concrete and metal fences to escape the so-called "criminals" of society. Americans are scared and residential society is slowly beginning to show it. More and more people are moving into and raising families in "gated communities.

  1. Additionally, hiring a local private security guard company can also help a business in terms of marketing and networking. For neighborhoods to have an effective Neighborhood Watch program, they should be organized and have contact with local authorities.
  2. More after-school programs; more library hours; more jobs and job training programs, especially for ex-offenders and folks with limited formal education; more violence prevention outreach workers; and more police officers to investigate crimes. Black and whites alike participate in these groups, picking up litter around the neighborhood and noting license numbers of cars suspected of involvement in drug dealing, as the American Survey 1994 reports.
  3. In 1991, a group called Citizens Against Gated Enclaves sued the city of Los Angeles for allowing residents of prominent Whitley Heights to gate public streets against outsiders.
  4. It has been shown that watch groups using cellular phones lower crime rates.

These new residential areas occur in both new suburban developments and older inner city areas for the purposes of security and segregation. The developers of gated communities brilliantly market their projects as safer, friendlier, and more economically stable then traditional urban or even suburban neighborhoods. History The gating of a residential area is not a new phenomenon.

During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, kings and other royalty provided gated enclaves for their families and loyal followers during times of siege and pestilence. In the late nineteenth century, St. Louis developed a large network of private gated streets for its beer barons, most of which still exist today.

Since the real estate boom in the late 1980's, this rapidly growing phenomenon of gating off communities has become more prevalent in today's society.

Types of communities Gated communities come in three different types: All of these community types differ in their inhabitants, but they all serve the same basic service, to keep unwanted individuals out. Lifestyle communities provide security and separation for leisure activities and the amenities offered inside.

These lifestyle communities include retirement communities, leisure communities, and suburban "new towns. Activities inside these communities can include golf courses, horseback riding, and many other "leisure" activities for residents.

The second type of a gated community is known as an elite community. These developments focus on exclusion and status.

  • Activities inside these communities can include golf courses, horseback riding, and many other "leisure" activities for residents;
  • Statistics As some scholars see it, the United States is being transformed into a nation of walled-off enclaves, or gated communities;
  • By 1997, an estimated 20,000 gated communities, with more than 3 million units, had been built across the country, with the concentration mostly in metropolitan areas such as Los Angeles, Phoenix, Dallas, and Miami;
  • Patrol An effective tool for some Neighborhood Watch programs to use is a citizen patrol;
  • There is also an issue on access to the communities by emergency vehicles.

In these communities, the primary focus is on image. The gates represent a barrier of status to all who are outside and looking in. Security is another major concern due to the resident's status within the community.

When Private Security Patrols Public Streets

Like lifestyle communities, the developers of the elite communities build walls and gates as a marketing strategy. The final type of gated community is the security zone community.

Social-media influence

Unlike the other two communities, security zone communities are gated by the residents themselves and can somewhat represent a "fortress" mentality. Many of these new communities are located in inner city and lower income neighborhoods where the residents see crime increasing.

The fear of crime and outsiders is the major reason that these people gate themselves in. Security Measures The walls and fences that surround them primarily protect these new communities, but many other security measures are used as well.

Inside may be surveillance cameras, infrared sensors, motion detectors and armed guards. Andrews, a gated community in Boca Raton Florida, spends over a million dollars a year on helicopters and canine patrols" Dillon, 1994, p. A few communities also contain bollards to keep non-residents at bay. Bollards, mostly used in airports and other high security areas, prevent the tailgating of vehicles by raising metal cylinders up out of the ground to impale vehicles that try to slip by.

In many communities including some is San Antonio, Texas, entry into these communities is difficult: These security measures are very important for the residents of gated communities, and they will protect themselves at great costs. Costs Private communities provide their own security, street maintenance, parks, recreation, garbage collection, and other services. The residents of these communities pay dues for all of the services rendered. Many times, this security can become extremely expensive.

If this figure is multiplied by many guards, more gates, services, canine patrols, cameras, and escorts, the cost is dramatically higher. Each homeowner is assessed a portion of this cost.

Seattle neighborhoods hire private security amid ‘blatant lawlessness’

Statistics As some scholars see it, the United States is being transformed into a nation of walled-off enclaves, or gated communities.

These new residential communities are being built at record rates.

Why Private Security Patrols Are Not the Answer

By 1997, an estimated 20,000 gated communities, with more than 3 million units, had been built across the country, with the concentration mostly in metropolitan areas such as Los Angeles, Phoenix, Dallas, and Miami. The gated community population in America, now eight million Americans, is growing at a fast rate.

Eight out of every ten new urban projects are gated. According to a survey by consultant Arthur Anderson, "New home sales in master-planned communities, which are usually walled off and gated, rose 17 percent in 1992" Dillon, 1994, p. Different parts of the country are building these communities at different paces.

  • It was poor neighborhood watch training, along with racist sentiments altogether too prevalent in our society, that led to the murder of Trayvon Martin;
  • The Neighborhood Watch approach is usually most effective in middle class neighborhoods where the majority of residents own their homes or have children-factors that go along with low turnover;
  • Another supposed benefit of gated neighborhoods is the sense of community they generate;
  • This occurs because perpetrators do not want to go to an area that they are unfamiliar with and where it might be hard for them to make an escape;
  • Different parts of the country are building these communities at different paces;
  • While some community members are praising this private security company's actions, others are alarmed that a private patrol officer would use deadly force to apprehend an individual suspected of, among other things, stealing a telescope.

It seems that the phenomenon of gated communities has really picked up in the South and West. As many as 15 percent of new homes in the South are being built behind walls; in the West, 10 percent; and in the North these new communities are being built at a rate of 3 percent.

These numbers are slowly increasing in all areas of the country. The concept of gating off a community has many critics.

Mantis Security

Some people believe that they accomplish their purpose of keeping the population safe from crime, while others argue that they tear away at our delicate society. But regardless, Americans are still flocking to these new communities for safety and security reasons. Pros of gated communities Many people believe that there are great benefits to raising a family inside a gated community.

  • Andrews, a gated community in Boca Raton Florida, spends over a million dollars a year on helicopters and canine patrols" Dillon, 1994, p;
  • The security is only as good as the people who provide it;
  • These security measures are very important for the residents of gated communities, and they will protect themselves at great costs;
  • How is a private patrol guard going to know who is legitimately in a particular neighborhood?

According to members of a gated community in San Antonio, "I'm not scared here by myself; I'm not scared to have my kids here by themselves, I wouldn't feel that way in a non-gated community" Diamond, 1997, p. Many of the residents of these enclaves seem to have the same view.

They feel a sense of safety that they never felt when they lived outside the gates. Another supposed benefit of gated neighborhoods is the sense of community they generate.

Other advocates for these new enclaves love the fact that there is no longer traffic throughout the neighborhood and they feel safe about letting their children play in the streets at night. Others also feel that they know their neighbors better and have more of an opportunity to chat with them. Still others love these new communities because the private facilities are much better than public works.

Different patrolling

The property values of gated communities are also higher than those outside the walls. Cons of gated communities Many individuals strongly believe that gated communities are affecting our society in a negative way.

Some scholars believe when people wall themselves off from others, they are cutting themselves off from the mixed, open society that is needed for a social and political democracy. According to Edward J. For many years, the United States has been a society that seeks to make everyone equal. We want to bring all the races together, and we want everyone to be on the same levels economically, but this gated trend is moving us in the opposite direction.

Rather then being involved in an open society, gated communities tend to foster segregation.

  1. A private patrol officer in the upper Dimond area stumbled upon a burglary in progress, and then proceeded to chase against the best practices of other private security firms a fleeing suspect and, when allegedly threatened, shot and wounded the eighteen-year-old.
  2. The police department employed 1,289 officers last year, an all-time high for the agency, police spokesman Whitcomb said.
  3. Using cellular phones to contact authorities to report information is an excellent fast deterrent to criminals. I also want those policies to be just, forward thinking, and sustainable, which is why I am against these private patrols.
  4. The gates represent a barrier of status to all who are outside and looking in.

They also promote privatization, replacing public government with private organizations. According to Blakely, "As more private communities provide their own security, maintenance, parks, recreation, and other services, the poor and less well-to-do are left more dependent on the ever reduced services of the city and county governments" Tucker, 1998, p.

According to a study conducted by the city of San Antonio "such economic segregation could divide the community in ways similar to the divisions caused by racial segregation in the past year" Diamond, 1997, p. There are also many legal ramifications of closing off streets to the public. In 1991, a group called Citizens Against Gated The benefits of private security for neighborhood protection sued the city of Los Angeles for allowing residents of prominent Whitley Heights to gate public streets against outsiders.

The superior court ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, stating that "the city owes a duty to the public not to allow gates on public streets" Dillon, 1994, p. The major question that is asked of gated communities is "Do they really keep crime rates down? The city of Miami reports that "some forms of crime such as car theft are reduced, at least immediately after the streets are closed. However, data indicates that the long-term crime rate is at best only marginally altered" Blakely, 1995, p.

In gated communities, the trend is that crimes against the person go down and stay down in controlled access developments. This occurs because perpetrators do not want to go to an area that they are unfamiliar with and where it might be hard for them to make an escape. Many people believe that the residents of gated communities are living with a false sense of security.

According to Ed Cross, a real estate broker, "It's a marketing gimmick; it's a fad" Diamond, 1997, p. The codes to unmanned gates are also given out to numerous people who do not live in the community but have frequent access, such as pizza delivery boys.

Many also argue that the communities cannot be as safe as they advertise. The security is only as good as the people who provide it.

There is also an issue on access to the communities by emergency vehicles. With more communities being built, and more security codes being used, it is becoming more difficult for emergency personnel to access the gates.

Many rescue workers also complain of time lost in maneuvering over-sized emergency vehicles into narrow gates.

As more Dallas neighborhoods pay for extra patrols, some question fairness

As you can see you can use draft kings promo code http: People are abandoning their old neighborhoods to start new lives behind closed walls where they feel safe and secure.

Old "neighborhood watch" programs are being abandoned for these new safe enclaves. The neighborhood the benefits of private security for neighborhood protection programs have been proven to reduce crime if properly run by the community.

In some cases these "watches" can be just as safe as living in a gated community. Neighborhood Watch The concept of neighborhood watch has proven to be one of the most effective ways to reduce crime. Through Neighborhood Watch techniques, neighbors can help police catch rapists, muggers, drug dealers, kidnappers, or others who pose a danger to the safety of their community.

And, most importantly, they keep an eye out for each other. History and Development Neighborhood Watch began as a response to a rise in home burglaries in the late 1960's and early 1970's. Although initiated by citizens, Neighborhood Watch rapidly became associated with police programs.

In 1972, the National Sheriffs Association formally endorsed it as a tool to educate neighbors to recognize and report crime. The National Association of Town Watch estimates that at least 20,000 organized neighborhood groups exist today that use watch techniques. The Neighborhood Watch approach is usually most effective in middle class neighborhoods where the majority of residents own their homes or have children-factors that go along with low turnover.

Still, it can be done if there is a stable core group committed to the concept of Neighborhood Watch.