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Adolf hitler and civil rights movement essay

The Nazi rise to power I n the aftermath of World War I, Germany remained in turmoil throughout the s, providing an ideal setting for the rise of extremist ideologies and firebrand political leaders. To Germans burdened by reparations payments to war victors, and threatened by hyperinflation, political chaos, and a possible Communist takeover, Adolf Hitler offered scapegoats and solutions. Germans were provided with an easy explanation to all their problems: Following the meteoric rise of the Nazi Party, Hitler was appointed as chancellor of Germany on January 30, At the time, the other political parties were unhappy about letting Hitler, the leader of a paramilitary fascist party, become head of the government.

Hitler immediately began laying the foundations of the Nazi state. Guided by racist and authoritarian principles, the Nazis eliminated individual freedoms and pronounced the creation of a Volk Community Volksgemeinschaft --a society which would, in theory, transcend class and religious differences.

Hitler used a suspicious fire in the German parliament the Reichstag in February to suspend basic civil rights--rights that had been guaranteed by the democratic Weimar Constitution. The Third Reich became a police state in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights and the SS, the elite guard of the Nazi state, wielded increasing authority through its control over the police. Political opponents,along with Jews, were subject to intimidation, persecution, and discriminatory legislation.

In the first two years of his chancellorship, Hitler followed a concerted policy of "coordination" Gleichschaltungby which political parties, state governments, and cultural and professional organizations were brought in line with Nazi goals. Culture, the economy, education, and law all came under Nazi control. Using the Civil Service Law of AprilGerman authorities began eliminating Jews from governmental agencies, and state positions in the economy, law, and cultural life.

The Nazi government abolished trade unions. With the passage of the Enabling Law March 23,the German parliament transferred legislative power to Hitler's cabinet and thus lost its reason for being.

Essay On Adolf Hitler

By mid-July, the Nazi party was the only political party left in Germany. The other parties had been either outlawed by the government or had dissolved themselves under pressure. Hitler had the final say in both domestic legislation and German foreign policy.

Nazi foreign policy was guided by the racist belief that Germany was biologically destined to expand eastward by military force and that an enlarged, racially superior German population should establish permanent rule in eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.

  • Upon the death of Hindenburg in August 1934, Hitler was the consensus successor;
  • It was during this period that he developed his prejudices about Jews, his interest in politics, and debating skills;
  • Boycott of Jewish stores

The Third Reich's aggressive population policy encouraged "racially pure" women to bear as many "Aryan" children as possible. Within this framework, "racially inferior" peoples, such as Jews and Gypsies, would be eliminated from the region. Jews were molested, some even killed, and Jewish businesses were harassed or destroyed. The first anti-Semitic initiative was the boycott of Jewish stores in April This was followed by a wave of anti-Semitic laws and decrees.

More than 2, racist laws and decrees were issued between and The position of the Jews at the centre of both political and economic affairs was perfect for theories of political conspiracy. It was relatively easy to accuse Jews of being in collusion with and responsible for communism, capitalism, liberalism, socialism, revolution, etc.

T he so-called Nuremberg Laws in were a landmark event. The most explicit expression of anti-Semitism was seen in the violent atrocities committed during the so-called Night of Broken Glass in Tens of thousands of Jews were imprisoned in concentration camps, while Jewish businesses, property and synagogues were destroyed.

  1. The Jews were excluded because of their race. Many die from disease, hunger and random executions.
  2. From this come the extensive Nazi plans to move all ethnic Germans Volksdeutsche , who were citizens of other countries, into the Third Reich. To maintain that purity, it was necessary to avoid intermarriage with subhuman races such as Jews and Slavs.
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The Jews were even presented with the bill for the atrocities committed by the regime: I n schools, the Nazi regime put much energy into showing the children why it was necessary to take action against the Jews.

According to an official guideline for teaching about the Jewish Question fromthe teaching should ensure that every pupil " This book was written between andwhile Hitler was in prison for participating in the failed Beer Hall Putsch in Munich. This goes for man as well as for the rest of nature. Racism and Nazism R acism together with anti-Semitism played a defining role in Nazi ideology. In the latter half of the 19th century, many of the intellectual roots of Nazism came into existence.

Racism, cloaked as pseudo-scientific social Darwinism, became a widely acknowledged set of thoughts that led to scientific treatises, books and research projects. Frequently this research served the purpose of pointing out the superiority or inferiority of a specific nation or race. Based on such ideas of a racial hierarchy many European nations, including Germany, possessed a feeling that their nation was superior to everybody else. This also meant that all members of this nation should dwell within the same national borders.

From this come the extensive Nazi plans to move all ethnic Germans Volksdeutschewho were citizens of other countries, into the Third Reich. Racist ideas were also the basis for the exclusion of undesirable individuals from the German race. Verbal and written attacks on the Jews Boycott of Jewish stores The Jews are not allowed to work as civil servants, university teachers, journalists and artists 's: Physical attacks on Jewish property and people as well as unsanctioned — but unpunished - murders.

The Nuremberg Laws; race laws with the purpose of legally and administratively isolating and impoverish the Jews. Forced labour for Adolf hitler and civil rights movement essay men between the ages of 14 and 60 is introduced. Jews begin to die because of the work and because of hunger. Many die from disease, hunger and random executions.

  1. His mother developed terminal breast cancer and was treated by Dr. A book written by Hitler while in prison which became the standard work of Nazi political doctrine.
  2. Economic upheaval generally breeds political upheaval, and Germany in the 1920s was no exception. The Jews are not allowed to work as civil servants, university teachers, journalists and artists 's.
  3. With the assistance of party staff, Hitler drafted a party program consisting of twenty-five points.
  4. Compile a list of demagogues in U.

German Jews are forced to wear the yellow star. German Jews are prohibited from emigrating from Germany. The first organised mass murders by shooting are committed by the four Einsatzgruppen. The first gassings using gassing trucks are carried out in the first extermination camp, Chelmno.

Gas chambers and crematoria are under construction. Extermination camps are established and Jews are deported there. Many die during these transfers. The laws and a number of subsequent regulations came to constitute the legal basis of the segregation of the Jews from the surrounding society as well as the racial definition of Jewish-ness.

The Jews were excluded because of their race. At the same time the Nazi regime took away the civic rights of the Jews, including the right to vote. The most important consequence of the Nuremberg Laws was the realisation of the distinction between Jew and Aryan. Obviously, this distinction became pivotal later on, when the Nazis began the deportation and extermination of the Jews.

An individual was considered Jewish, if at least three of his grandparents were of Jewish origin. This meant that the German Jews were later unable to escape deportation by converting to Christianity. The law defines what constitutes non-Aryan based on biological principles.

Following the issuing of the Act, around 30, civil servants are dismissed from public service. It becomes possible to revoke the license of Jewish lawyers. Forced sterilisation becomes possible based on racial criteria according to a new law. Aroundare forcibly sterilised. Jews are prohibited from bathing in public together with Germans Aryans. The Adolf hitler and civil rights movement essay Laws — Jews are defined on biological and racial principles.

Jews and gypsies become second-rate citizens without full civil rights.

Jews are prohibited from going to the movies, theatres and art exhibitions. Jewish children are excluded from German schools. All Jews lose their drivers license. Jews are prohibited from driving. Why did the Germans support the Nazi Party and its persecution of the Jews?

This belief survived the problems for instance the bad economy in the first years of the regime. A series of successes on the international scene — for instance the naval agreement with Great Britain — strongly reinforced this belief. Sympathy with the Jews would have been tantamount to doubting the policies of Hitler and the regime. The German national unity thus explicitly excluded the Jews. To belong to the German people meant accepting what this exclusion implied, i.