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A comparison of liberal and marxist feminism

Other Types of Feminism: Blaise Wilson Alternative names: It focuses more on institutions, government, law and education with targeted campaigns such as equal pay, ending job sex segregation, better working conditions, abortion, domestic violence, but does so within the current system of patriarchy and capitalism [2, 3, 4, 10, 13, 18, 19].

The seeds of the concept that gender is a social construct began here. Liberal Feminism began to see men and women as classes in their own right.

  • Gender is more of a social construct, than a biological one;
  • A major criticism of Marxist Feminism equating patriarchy with capitalism is that patriarchy predates capitalism by several thousand years, and that patriarchy can still be seen in communist countries around the world [25];
  • The socialization of gender roles within society;
  • Their answer was for women to break from their traditional gender roles within the home, become educated, and get a job to support themselves [9];
  • Root cause of problems:

They began to see the collective impact of society on the genders and started to believe that women have the same wants and drivers as men, and that men should start to do more domestic chores [1, 3]. Their answer was for women to break from their traditional gender roles within the home, become educated, and get a job to support themselves [9].

Equality of opportunity for the individual. Gender is more of a social construct, than a biological one. Root cause of problems: The socialization of gender roles within society. Liberal Feminism spans the gap between 1st and 2nd Wave Feminism, with ideology seated in both [0].

A comparison between liberal and marxist feminism

This concept was built on by Radical and Social Feminisms before Intersectional Feminism took the concept to the extreme [0]. In addition it was asserted that this breeds a lack of community and makes it hard to see the underlying social structures and values that disadvantages women as a collective [6].

Liberal Feminist are seen as reformist rather than revolutionary [19]. Liberal Feminists encouraged women to become more like men, this was not only seen as insulting the traditional roles of women [16] but was actually supporting the very oppression of patriarchy [11]. The final point is the departure from its roots.

  1. They began to see the collective impact of society on the genders and started to believe that women have the same wants and drivers as men, and that men should start to do more domestic chores [1, 3].
  2. These collective groups also treat all individual within the group with the same assumptions and stereotypes, which is the very definition of sexism [0].
  3. This was the rise of the collective view of women [22], rather than the individual one that had gone on before.

Historically Liberal Feminism concentrated on equality of opportunity, however more recently there has been an idea that in order for women to be equal, they must be given special treatment and privileges [7].

Liberal Feminism has fallen by the wayside, with exceptionally few modern individuals identifying with this specific brand of feminism [17] Due to attempting to working within the current social structure rather than destroying it, and not being perceived as inclusive enough Liberal Feminism is at odds Social, Radical and Intersectional Feminism.

This blame on society, and discouraging traditional gender roles discourages women who wish to be homemakers from supporting this brand of feminism [0].

Marxist Feminism Alternative names: Marxist Feminism is a major overarching category that many other forms of feminism such as Radical, Socialist [23, 26] and Intersectional Feminism [0] fit into. It follows from the teachings of Karl Marx [23].

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This was the rise of the collective view of women [22], rather than the individual one that had gone on before. Equality of outcome for the collective, especially through the economy.

Capitalism, and the society that supports it. Became popular from the 1950s and 60s in 2nd Wave Feminism [0]. Liberal Feminism had already sowed the seeds that gender is a social construct and Marxist Feminists developed the idea from an individualistic view to a collective one while extrapolating on the social concept into the economic system [0].

A major criticism of Marxist Feminism equating patriarchy with capitalism is that patriarchy predates capitalism by several thousand years, and that patriarchy can still be seen in communist countries around the world [25]. Another issues is that creating collective groups it devalues the individual, even going as far as ignoring victims and perpetrators that do not fall into the stereotypes of the collective [0].

These collective groups also treat all individual within the group with the same assumptions and stereotypes, which is the very definition of sexism [0].

Marxist, Socialist, and Material feminism are extremely similar, although they have their nuances [23, 26].