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Describe educational philosophy in terms of its metaphysics epistemology axiology and logic

Phil, Assistant Professor, St. Thomas College of Teacher Education, Pala. Wisdom is not the same thing as knowledge.

Wisdom includes knowledge and goes beyond it to find relationships and to discover implications. In this way, the search of wisdom or truth is called philosophy and the man who engages himself in the search is called a philosopher. Various scholars from various angles have defined philosophy. The philosopher is even now interested in the first principles and final conclusions of all knowledge.

The meaning of philosophy can be summed up as: Epistemology deals with questions regarding the nature, structure and validity of knowledge. Axiology deals with Ethics, Aesthetics and logic. Ethics deals with values. It is the science of values.

What is the good and valuable in human life. It discusses the criteria of right and good. Aesthetics deals with the nature and criteria of beauty.

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The theory of beauty, forms of beauty, relationship between truth and beauty, etc. Logic studies truth, methods of judgment, types of propositions, hypothesis, definitions, classifications etc. Logic focuses on the methods of arriving at knowledge. The characteristics of Philosophy may be summed up as under: If philosophy is love of knowledge then education is acquisition of knowledge.

Philosophy is the corner stone of the foundation of education. Education is a practical activity of philosophical thought. Without philosophy, education would be a blind effort and without education, philosophy would be crippled.

Philosophy answers thousands of questions pertaining to the whole field of education. If the child is to educated why is he to be educated, for what he is to be educated, how is to be educated, by whom is to be educated are questions which are answered by philosophy.

Knowledge certified by philosophy enters the curriculum of education. Method approved by philosophy for building knowledge form the basis of methods and techniques of teaching, the truth arrived at by philosophy sets the goals and objectives of education as well as the instruments and end use of evaluation.

The study of educational philosophy helps an educationist to critically evaluate his own practices and make necessary changes in his practice. Philosophy has the potential for provoking revolutionary changes, revise and reject some of our beliefs, develops analytical and logical skills and reasoning. Educational philosophy clarifies concepts and analyses propositions, beliefs and theories of education.

A philosophical vision is essential to understand the new trends in the educational systems especially the contemporary educational movement. Philosophy is also interpreted as an attempt at developing a comprehensive picture, an integral vision, a holistic view, a synthetic understanding, a total picture, a synoptic vision of the universe around us. The chief task of education is to make life worth living.

Education tells us the means to achieve those describe educational philosophy in terms of its metaphysics epistemology axiology and logic and learn those essentials of good life.

It is primarily divided into three branches — metaphysics, epistemology and axiology. Metaphysics is the science of existence or reality. It is the study of fundamental nature of reality and existence and of the essences of things.

Metaphysics, in brief, deals with reality in man, world and hereafter. Aristotle covered a wide range of studies, one of which was the study of nature physics ; much of it could be subjected to bservation and reasonable inference; some go beyond the testable level and is therefore assigned to metaphysics. Metaphysics is often divided into two areas - Ontology and Cosmology. Ontology is the study of being.

Cosmology is the study of physical universe, or the cosmos taken as a whole. Metaphysics deals with such questions as, What is real?

Is the world one or many? What are the fundamental characteristics of creation? Is there a God? What is the difference between appearance and reality? Does mind have the same sort of being as physical object? Does God have the same kind of being as do molecules and electrons? Is any unchangeable being as well as changeable one? Metaphysics considers all these questions and tries to answer all these. In brief, metaphysics discusses the three aspects of Reality — the world, the self and the God.

The main branches of metaphysics are: Is world created, or is it eternal? How was world created? Why was it created? Who created the world? What is the purpose of creation? All these are the problems of cosmogony. The main problems of cosmology are: Is the world one or is it many? Is it both one and many? Is the reality one?

If reality is many, what is the relation between these many elements? All these are ontological questions. What is its relation with the body? Is it free or does it depends on the body? Is it one many? All these are the problems of pilot of self. The meaning of metaphysics can be summed up as follows: Metaphysics — Education, Man, Nature and Society Aristotle developed the study of metaphysics to be studied after physics. While physics studies the laws of external form of existence.

Metaphysics thinks over the real essence of things.

Metaphysics deals with reality in man, world and hereafter. This has a close bearing upon the aims and ideals of education the metaphysical attitude provides the educationists the proper perspective for devising aims and ideals of education.

The concept of self is the basis of the development of character, the central aim of education. Know thyself and be thyself is the universally acknowledge aim of education.

Moral and religious education is based upon the metaphysical concept of God. It shows that our explanation of the ultimate reality of the total reality, call it God or anything else, has important bearing upon education particularly it aims and ideals and therefore its means and plans. The most important metaphysical theories which have influenced education are: Naturalism, Idealism, Pragmatism and Realism. Man is a part of great world system.

All men share the same human nature and this nature is constant. It does not change. Since all men have the same nature, all men have the same natural powers. By virtue is meant the perfection of a natural power and since all men have the same natural powers, the virtues are the same for all men. Since the aim of education is the formation of the intellectual virtues and since these virtues are the same for all men, the aim of education is also the same for all men.

Relationship between man and nature is another dimension of metaphysics.

  1. Because, it is ultimately sense experience and reason that justify the truth of the statement. One of the important tasks of philosophy is to study the nature and phenomenology of our knowledge and to formulate the norms and criteria of its validity and truth.
  2. Articulates the worth of P.
  3. What are the fundamental values?
  4. They different sense organs have corresponding substances with which they can associate,.
  5. Based on premises that apparently appear contradictory, the truth or knowledge not known earlier is derived. As literature and art contribute significantly to education, the value of aesthetics in education is clear.

This wisdom is nothing but theoretical and practical knowledge related to problems of life and universe, which is derived out of systematic, critical and reflective thinking. The three important foundations of education are ontological related to reality epistemic related to knowledge and axiological related to values of which epistemic is the most fundamental one.

Education as it relates to metaphysics epistemology axiology and logic

It is only knowledge that reveals reality and facilitates values realization. Philosophy began with metaphysical questions and the answers for metaphysical questions lead to epistemology.

The term epistemology has derived from two Greek words episteme — means knowledge and logos — means study, science or discussion. It is the conditions under which knowledge takes place.

  • It is only knowledge that reveals reality and facilitates values realization;
  • Its validity is low;
  • The three important foundations of education are ontological related to reality epistemic related to knowledge and axiological related to values of which epistemic is the most fundamental one;
  • Aids in bringing members of the profession closer together.

One of the important tasks of philosophy is to study the nature and phenomenology of our knowledge and to formulate the norms and criteria of its validity and truth. Thus in philosophy we study, the meaning of knowledge, how it is generated, its nature and how it is validated.

This in essence, is the scope of epistemology, as a branch of philosophy. In epistemology, we study different philosophical perspectives held about meaning, origin, source and nature of knowledge and theories of truth.

The important areas in epistemology are falsehood, validity, truth, limits, nature, etc of knowledge, knower and known of knowledge etc.